Dry mouth-xerostomia


Dry mouth-xerostomiaMouth and tongue in medicine known as xerostomia, when the salivary glands produce little or no saliva, salivation (saliva secretion) is very low. Saliva plays an important role in maintaining the health of the mouth, in order to feel the taste of food, helps digestion, neutralizes acid, prevents caries. , gum disease, unpleasant bad breath (halitosis), difficulty speaking, prevents the development of viruses and bacteria, keeps the throat moist.
Anyone can have dry mouth in the winter due to heating or at night when sleeping. Dry mouth symptoms can be caused by different causes: dehydration, lack of fluid in the body, mouth breathing during sleep, snoring, diabetes, anxiety, stress, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, Sjögren’s syndrome, HIV, AIDS, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, menopause, salivary gland stones, depression, smoking, alcohol consumption, aging, in nursing mothers, sinus inflammation, stuffy nose, anemia, cystic fibrosis, hypertension, malnutrition, medications – antidepressants, diuretics, antihistamines, analgesics.
Consequences of dry mouth: sores on the mucous membrane of the mouth, increased presence of plaque on the teeth and gum disease, fungal infections, chapped lips and sores in the corners of the lips, problems with chewing and speaking, plaque on the tongue.
How to solve this problem: you need to find the real cause of dry mouth and treat it. Drink enough fluids. Reduce the consumption of hot, salty, spicy foods. Do not drink alcohol, a lot of coffee and sweets. Quit smoking. “ for dry mouth: watermelon, cucumber, pineapple, still water, chew fresh mint and parsley. Drink sage tea and rinse your mouth with it. Chewing sugar-free gum stimulates salivation. Sugar-free candies stimulate the production of saliva in the mouth with the taste of mint, peppermint .
Maintain oral hygiene regularly, use fluoride toothpaste and alcohol-free mouthwash. Visit the dentist twice a year.


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